Zimbabwe is working on climate change National Adaptation Planning with the support of the Green Climate Fund NAP Readiness Programme with the aim to strengthen adaptation readiness of the country, a Cabinet Minister has said.
The NAP also aims to, according to Environment, Climate, Tourism and Hospitality Industry minister Nqobizitha Mangaliso Ndhlovu, create an enabling environment for concrete adaptation investment projects.
The Green Climate Fund is the world’s largest dedicated fund helping developing countries reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and enhance their ability to respond to climate change.
It was set up by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2010.
“Under the programme climate change adaptation will be mainstreamed or integrated into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors at national and sub-national levels as appropriate,” Ndhlovu said.
The minister was speaking at the Post 15th Conference of Youth (COY15) and the 25th Climate Change Conference of Parties (COP25) feedback meeting in Harare.
Zimbabwe has been struggling to deal with the effects of climate change-induced extreme weather phenomena such as Cyclone Idai which affected an estimated 270 000 people including 129 600 children.
The country has also been experiencing droughts due to unreliable rainfall patterns and these have crippled agricultural production resulting in food and livelihood insecurity.
This has directly affected vulnerable households in both rural and urban communities but the worst affected are rural households relying on rain-fed agriculture for their livelihoods.
Zimbabwe has also received a grant under the United Nations Climate Change Learning Partnership programme for Southern Africa for the development of a National Climate Change Learning Strategy.
“The country finalized the development of a National Climate Change Learning Strategy which will strengthen learning and skills development to address climate change in Zimbabwe,” Ndhlovu said.
The strategy is going to be launched before the end of the year together with the Low Emissions Development Strategy.
The Environment ministry together with the Ministry responsible for agriculture are rolling out the Climate Smart Agricultural (CSA) Manual for agricultural training institutions in Zimbabwe. The manual will help in promoting climate- and environmentally-friendly ways of farming.
CSA practices are expected to sustainably increase productivity and resilience (adaptation), reduce GHGs (mitigation), and enhance achievement of national food security as well as Sustainable Development Goals.
Earlier this year, the Green Climate Fund approved a US$26.6m grant on; “Building climate resilience of vulnerable agricultural livelihoods in southern Zimbabwe.”
The project will benefit at least 2.3 million people, mostly women and youths in the vulnerable provinces of Masvingo, Manicaland and Matebeleland South, through revitalization of 21 irrigation schemes.
It is also expected to enhance water and soil moisture management and water use efficiency, promoting climate resilient agriculture, improving access to climate information and markets, and building partnerships with public and private sector actors.